How To Set Up A Wi-Fi Router Yourself
Before we talk about setting up a Wi-Fi network at home, let’s talk about the tasks and advantages of this technology. So, if you have a need to split an existing Internet channel into several devices, then you need a router. If you want to share the Internet channel by connecting devices without using wires, then a Wi-Fi router will help you with this. We already told you how to choose a Wi-Fi router and therefore we recommend that you read this article again before purchasing it. A Wi-Fi router is a great option if you have devices that support Wi-Fi networks. Thus, installing a Wi-Fi router in the most central point, you can provide Wi-Fi coverage throughout the apartment, which is very convenient, because you will not need to pull extra wires. If your computer does not have a Wi-Fi adapter, then this issue can be solved in two ways: install a Wi-Fi router in the room where the computer is located, or purchase a Wi-Fi adapter. Wi-Fi adapter. this is a small device in the form of a USB flash drive or as a card inserted in a PCI slot.
In view of the fact that in almost every family there is a need to install a Wi-Fi router, we will tell you how to configure it yourself, without calling the wizard.
Setting up a Wi-Fi router
To configure the router, it must be connected via cable to a computer or laptop. The wiring diagram should be displayed in the instructions. Unpack the router, fasten the antennas to it, then connect one part of the network cable (which is included) to the router, and the other. to the computer (laptop). Then we connect the power of the router and after that we connect the network cable of the Internet provider to it.
How to enter the router menu
Absolutely all Wi-Fi routers are configured using the WEB interface, this is a kind of site with settings. That is, in order to configure the router, you need to open the page with its settings in the browser. To do this, enter “192.168.1.1” in the address bar of the browser and press the “Enter” key. After that, a window will appear on the screen in which you will need to enter a username and password to access the settings of the router. Standard (by default) login and password from the router settings menu: “admin”. in small letters. After entering, click "OK" and get into the menu.
Flashing Wi-Fi router
So, in order to configure a Wi-Fi router, you first need to reflash it. If you are a seasoned person, and you know what and how, then now we will tell you what to do. If you don’t really like to understand all the intricacies of computer technology, you can do without flashing the router. Firmware is a kind of router operating system on which its operation is based.
What is flashing for? Re-flashing the router is necessary in order to ensure normal and high-quality operation of the device. As a rule, every Wi-Fi router from the moment of release until the moment of discontinuation of production has the same firmware version. This firmware passes only internal tests, when the device goes into mass sale, users find all the problems in the operation of the device, in various situations. Therefore, the "native" firmware is not perfect and you may have problems in the operation of the device: low speed, freezes, problems with Wi-Fi, etc. That is why it is better to install a new version of the firmware.
After downloading the archive with the firmware, unzip it and copy the firmware file to the download folder. In the router menu, go to the Firmware section and in the available field, specify the path to the new firmware for the router. You can find more detailed instructions on how to reflash the router in the instructions for the device.
After flashing, go to the Network / IPConfig / Network menu (depending on the model of your router) and first enter the provider settings.
WAN Connection Type
- Dynamic IP / DHCP / Dynamic IP – select if the provider provides a dynamic IP;
- Static ip / Static IP-address – select if the provider is built on a local network, where to access the Internet you need to enter the IP address, subnet mask and Gateway (Gatway).
- PPPoE – select if you need to enter a username and password to access the Internet.
DNS 1 and DNS 2. It is advisable to leave it installed automatically, if the provider requires them to be installed manually (which is very rare), we enter the primary and secondary DNS. It is not always necessary to enter the DNS provider in the network settings, sometimes external DNSs work better than the provider ones.
Then go to the Wireless tab, which contains the Wi-Fi settings.
How to set up a Wi-Fi network
The network name is the name of your Wi-Fi router, which will be displayed when the device searches for a network to connect to Wi-Fi. We recommend that you set the name as original as possible in order to prevent matches. If you network there will be 2 devices with the same name, then incorrect Wi-Fi connection may work.
This is the frequency channel through which data will be transmitted. Pay special attention to this parameter, because of this, you may have low Wi-Fi speed. Why? Each channel has its own, so to speak, data transmission volumes. The more your devices are connected via Wi-Fi, the lower the Internet speed for each device. the same applies to the channel, the more devices use the same channel, the less its bandwidth. Therefore, even if you have a high speed Internet connection, and the Wi-Fi channel is congested, the Wi-Fi connection speed will be very low.
If you do not have such advanced neighbors, then this parameter can be left at the value “Auto”. Checking the Wi-Fi activity of neighbors is very easy – call the list of Wi-Fi connection menus and see the number of Wi-Fi routers that are available in your apartment: if there are few of them, the channel is enough, if there are many, then it is better to install it manually.
In view of the fact that “Auto” selects the 6th or 7th channels, with manual selection it is necessary to select the channels located at the beginning. That is, if in the future, the Wi-Fi connection speed has dropped, and the cable connection is the same as stated, it is possible that the whole problem lies in the Wi-Fi channel.
This setting sets the wireless standard. Two factors depend on the wireless network standard: the ability to use old-type devices and Wi-Fi speed. That is, Wi-Fi has its own standards of work, and to make it more clear to you, consider an example. In cellular communications, the Internet was first transmitted via WAP, then via GPRS, then via EDGE, etc., with each new type, the data transfer speed also increased. everything is the same in our situation. The farther the letter alphabetically indicates the communication standard, the higher the data transfer rate it supports. But here one more thing needs to be taken into account: not all devices released long ago and supporting Wi-Fi networks support the latest type of connection – and this must be taken into account.
When choosing a type of wireless connection, set the type that will be supported by all your Wi-Fi devices. Devices of a new type can work with older types, but not vice versa. But do not be upset, most modern Wi-Fi routers can work with several standards – which is very convenient, for this, set the value to "b / g / n" (if any).
The channel width is indicated in megahertz. We recommend leaving this parameter on the “Auto” parameter, or setting its maximum value.
Maximum data rate
This parameter sets the maximum data rate. speed limit. Of course, it is best to set this parameter to the maximum value. If you are the main Internet user, and you need a high speed data transfer over a network cable on your computer, then you can cut down on Wi-Fi speed in this way.
Another important parameter when setting up a Wi-Fi router is the type of encryption of the transmitted data. The more reliable the type of encryption, the more secure your data will be transmitted. Today, the best type of encryption is WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK. But here you should also pay attention to the fact that not all devices support this type of encryption, and therefore it is possible that when you select it, you will need to find a “middle ground” for all devices.
How to set up Wi-Fi on a computer and laptop
Let’s briefly describe how to set up Wi-Fi on Windows 7 and on Windows 8. In order to set up Wi-Fi on a laptop or computer. You need to select your Wi-Fi router from the list of Wi-Fi devices to which you gave the original name. Then click on his name 2 times with the mouse, and we are asked to enter a password – enter a password, it is checked, and if you entered everything correctly – the device connects to Wi-Fi. After that, we recommend checking the speed of your Internet connection both over the network and over Wi-Fi. Please note that Wi-Fi speed may be limited by the bandwidth of the router. Therefore, it may differ from the one available on the LAN.
Sometimes, to connect the laptop via Wi-Fi, you need to separately turn on the Wi-Fi module. As a rule, on laptops, the corresponding button is responsible for this, it can be either separate or combined with the F7 key.
You can find out more about setting up Wi-Fi connection from the video below.