How To Remotely Connect To A Computer Via The Internet
Hello to all! Imagine you are leaving. It doesn’t matter: to the office on the next street for a few hours, on a business trip or on vacation. But you know for sure: you may need data that is stored on your home computer. For some reason you cannot take them with you: for example, you don’t know exactly which books from your huge library you will need or which samples you want to insert in the song that you write on the islands. But you will need access to a home computer.
Good news for you: humanity has long come up with how to remotely connect to a computer via the Internet. True, it is necessary to prepare for this case in advance. In the article below we will tell you how.
There will be 2 ways involved. The first is using standard Windows applications, and the second using third-party programs.
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Remote access to a computer via the Internet using Windows
Remember the lines in the joke from the old Nokia instructions? Well, yes, "the phone must be turned on to use this feature"? You will laugh, but we will also play Captain. Obviousness: in order for you to be able to remotely connect to your computer, it must remain turned on and connected to the Internet.
But this is an obvious consideration. There are not so clear ones: for example, the interaction between two computers – your home and the one through which you will connect – is based on the client-server scheme, and your home computer will act as the server, and the client that you have with by myself. Before you connect to another computer via the Internet, you must prepare both.
Let’s start with a home computer. Suppose it has the most current OS installed today – Windows 10. I must say that the Home version will not work for this function: you must have at least Windows 10 Pro.
First of all, you need to enable remote connection to your computer. This is done by the system: go to Control Panel / System / System Security / Remote Access, find the line "Allow Remote Connection" and check the box there.
The second thing you will need is a static IP address. In the same Control Panel, go to the "Network and Internet / Network Connections" section, find the adapter that is currently being used, and right-click on its menu.
Click on “Properties”, select the line “IP version 4” and click “Properties” in the same tab. Here you need to enter the IP address, accessible locally, but not used by the router (the occupied range can be found in the menu of the router itself). In the line "Subnet Mask" is usually entered "255.255.255.0.", And in the line "Main Gateway" – the IP of your router. It can also be entered as a DNS server, however, options are possible here. So, for example, Google’s public DNS addresses are also valid: 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11.
For example, it could be like this:
On the router, you will also need to configure port 3389 (how to do this – read the instructions for the router or in the thematic discussions).
However, all the manipulations from this point can be avoided if, leaving, you generally turn off the router and leave the computer connected directly to the provider’s network. Then you only need to know your external IP address and make sure the provider that it will remain unchanged.
How to prepare a terminal using Windows
The application is made in Modern-style, with a touch on touch displays, but it is convenient to work with it in the traditional way. To add your home computer, you need to click the plus button in the upper right corner of the window. In the drop-down menu, select the Desktop item and enter the access information – the local IP address if the computer is on the same network as you, or external if you are connecting via the Internet.
To access your computer, you will need account information. If you are using a Microsoft account, enter its details. If local – enter the username and password. Click “Save” to not enter data each time you connect. Of course, if you use the Remote Desktop application on a foreign computer, you do not need to save login information on it.
When configured correctly, after connecting, you can see the desktop of your computer in the program window and launch any programs or open files from it.
We considered only the option when Windows 10 Pro is installed on the remote computer. Other versions of Windows do not have this functionality or need finer settings. However, remote computer control via the Internet is also possible through universal solutions, which we will consider below.
Third Party Remote Access Tools
Although Windows has its own remote access organization, there are third-party programs that do it better. Consider some of the most famous of them.
One of the first programs that more or less dedicated people thought about when they saw the title was TeamViewer. Naturally, we will start with it.
The advantages of this program are not only well-known and popular (and as a result – commercial success, demanding users and attentive developers plus support). TeamViewer – the solution is quite simple, flexible and multi-functional. By and large, you don’t even need a second computer to connect to your home: an iPhone, iPad or an Android device is enough. Clients exist for most mobile platforms, plus Windows, OS X, and Linux.
In addition to the remote desktop, the application supports voice and video calls. So, for example, if someone from your family or colleagues retains access to your computer and needs your help, you can communicate as you work right in TeamViewer without stopping the session and not using other programs.
Your connection will be protected by 256-bit AES encryption, so it is practically useless to intercept it.
The most valuable feature of the program that cannot be overestimated is the ability to turn on your home computer via a signal over the Internet. If there is a power outage for many hours in your absence, no UPS will help. But TeamViewer will allow your computer to turn on on demand from the outside.
And one more plus – the program is not divided into client and server parts. It is enough to install a single option on both computers. And then everything is set up in a few clicks.
The disadvantage of the program, by and large, is only one: cost. A single copy license for a private user costs about $ 200. But if timely access to a computer is worth it – why not?
The name of this product means “Remote Administrator”, which immediately conveys its purpose. In terms of functionality, it roughly corresponds to Team Viewer: you can get remote access to your computer, turn it on and off with network commands, run programs, open files and move data between the remote PC and the terminal.
Radmin is inferior to TeamViewer only in some aspects: it does not offer applications for mobile devices, it does not provide simultaneous access to a computer from several terminals, and it is not so common.
One of the main advantages of Radmin is its price. A single license for a program to access one computer will cost only 1250 rubles – a little more than $ 20: ten times cheaper than Team Viewer! In this case, you will receive all the advantages of commercial programs: ongoing support,
However, if you need a completely free solution – there is one too.
Yes, it exists! A free application that works on the same principle as the above. But remote access to a computer via the Internet is very high quality.
Yes, in some aspects UltraVNC is inferior to commercial solutions. So, to provide 256-bit encryption, you will need to install a special plug-in. The desktop client is only for Windows, and mobile clients exist only for Android and iOS. There is no built-in means of voice communication, so remote support will have to be done using Skype or a regular phone, or built-in text chat.
But, on the other hand, a remote access facility for free is not such a frequent pleasure. Therefore, we recommend that you first use UltraVNC, and then, if any important functions are sorely missed, turn to commercial products.